|Science, Engineering and Technology Education:
Innovative Paradigm Shift
*Former Vice Chancellor, Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi and Former Director,
Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
With an ever growing urge for developing technologies supported by scientific research and development to provide complete solution to the problems faced by humanity than to depend merely upon ‘discovery by chance’ the first change in paradigm came in the form of ‘problem based learning and research’. This led to the introduction of ‘creativity and innovation’ in place of only creating human resources with right kind of skill alone in the process of offering education and training to create and realize better opportunities besides using the existing ones more optimally. These changes introduced the concept of ‘Knowledge Economy’ setting a foundation of ‘Knowledge Society’ synergistically supported by the onset of information and communication technology (ICT). Exploration of genetic details of human health started with the considerations at microscopic level th at needed additional support from basic sciences and engineering sciences to help advance clinical sciences. This is where a great paradigm shift appeared on the horizon of science and technology development in form of Nano Science and Technology. Size dependent physical, chemical and biological functions of a large variety of nanostructured materials, investigated so far, are indicating towards an upcoming revolution of great significance in the area of human health care by considering the mutual interactions of nanoparticles, macromolecules and bio-molecules. These kinds of paradigm shifts, introduced from time to time in the last century, impacted the way education and training has been organized to produce right kind of human resources. Learning from the past experiences, an effort has been made in this paper to foresee about the future expectations from education to meet the upcoming challenges faced by human society by considering man, material and environment together as an integrated system. Appropriate modifications in education and training system to generate creativity and innovation loaded human resources are essential for success in time to come. The related matters of future education and training approach are considered in this paper in the present context.
Keywords: Technology Education, Innovation in Education, Nanotechnology